NOKIA: dulu jagoan jadi nggak relevan

Sebagian besar dari kita tentu mengenal Nokia, bahkan menjadi pengguna produk pada masanya. Siapa yang tidak ingat “banana phone” keluaran Nokia yang sangat populer. Tahun 2007 adalah puncak kejayaan Nokia yang berhasil menguasai 51% pangsa cellphone di seluruh dunia. Sebagai perbandingan, Apple saja sekarang hanya mampu menguasai 25% pangsa pasar, sehingga terlihat bagaimana Nokia bisa mendominasi pasar pada waktu itu. Nokia mengubah mindset bahwa cellphone juga dikaitkan dengan fashion sehingga mendapat respons yang luar biasa.

Namun demikian hanya dalam waktu enam tahun, Nokia kemudian hampir mengalami kebangkrutan, dan akhirnya diakuisisi oleh Microsoft seharga 7.2 miliar dollar. Ada apa dengan Nokia sehingga dalam waktu cepat bisa terlempar dari kompetisi cellphone pada waktu itu?

Kesalahan pertama Nokia adalah terlalu fokus kepada pembuatan hardware. Desain yang menarik tentu menjadi daya tarik pembeli, tetapi cellphone tidak bisa berfungsi ketika tidak memiliki sistem operasi. Sementara pesaingnya telah mulai mengembangkan sistem operasi android dan IOS, Nokia ketinggalan karena terus menggunakan Symbian sebagai sistem operasinya. Berbeda dengan symbian, android dan IOS sudah berbasis aplikasi.

Kesalahan berikutnya Nokia ketika pesaingnya seperti samsung, motorola, huawei sudah mengadopsi android ketika google memasuki pasar di tahun 2008, Nokia tetap bersikeras menggunakan sistem operasinya sendiri yaitu Symbian. Akhirnya Nokia menyerah, pada tahun 2011 mereka beralih menggunakan windows phone bekerjasama dengan microsoft. Keputusan tersebut fatal karena akhirnya windows phone gagal sehingga Nokia kehilangan dominasinya sebagai penguasa pasar. Android sendiri sudah terbukti sekarang digunakan 80% smartphone saat ini. Ketika akhirnyapada tahun 2014 Nokia memutuskan beralih ke android, semuanya sudah terlambat.

Nokia juga memiliki masalah dengan struktur organisasinya. Ketika memutuskan mengubah organisasi berdasarkan hirarki pada tahun 2004 menjadi organisasi matriks, ternyata keputusan ini bermasalah. Keinginan agar lebih inovatif dengan matriks organisasi, ternyata malah menimbulkan krisis. Dalam organisasi matriks manager memiliki beberapa kewenangan, dan ini menimbulkan konflik sehingga inovasi terhambat dan proses pengambilan keputusan juga menjadi lama. Sebagai perbandingan, Apple sebagai pesaing tetap menggunakan organisasi hirarki dimana Steve Jobs sebagai puncak hirarki tersebut.

Terakhir, Nokia tidak mampu mengantisipasi gelombang smartphone di awal tahun 2000-an. Ketika kompetitor mulai beralih ke smartphone, Nokia memilih fokus ke pembuatan cellphone yang berkualitas baik, murah, tahan lama dan menarik. Ternyata keinginan pasar berbeda, ketika Apple keluar di pasar, semua orang menginginkan smartphone tersebut. Nokia gagal mengantisipasi kebutuhan pasar padahal pada waktu itu posisinya masih sebagai pemimpin pasar. Apple setelah mengeluarkan smartphone segera mengambil alih posisi sebagai pemimpin pasar hingga kini.

Ini adalah salah satu bukti bahwa yang bertahan adalah yang mampu beradaptasi dengan lingkungan. Seperti Charles Darwin mengatakan “It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most intelligent. It is the one most adaptable to change”. Lingkungan perusahaan terus berubah, dan yang mampu mengantisipasi atau memanfaatkan perubahan tersebut yang akan mampu bertahan dan meraih kesuksesan. Teknologi berkembang sangat cepat dan demografi konsumen juga berubah. Generasi muda memiliki perilaku yang berbeda. Kekuatan ekonomi negara juga bergeser. Sumber daya alam menipis. Isu sustainability mengemuka. Pandemi belum ada tanda akan berakhir. Kesemua ini adalah dinamika yang perlu diperhatikan oleh perusahaan. Adalah tidak mungkin perusahaan tidak beradaptasi dan tetap mengharapkan hasil yang sama.

Bagaimana perusahaan di tempat anda bekerja? Semoga ikut beradaptasi mengikuti perubahan.

7,499 thoughts on “NOKIA: dulu jagoan jadi nggak relevan

    1. Strowd RE, Abuali I, Ye X, Lu Y, Grossman SA Compounds 7, 11, 20, 22, 32, 50, 51, 53, 54, 57, and 63 exhibited an IC50, the concentration of test compound at which the H Leu was inhibited by 50 in KB cells, at a concentration of less than 100 ОјM

  1. It should not be forgotten that the absence of the need to stand in lines is another serious argument for ordering online, as the risk of contracting the coronavirus is reduced priligy amazon 45 and 22 with high intensity which indicates that the pure drug is present in the crystalline state

      1. A species of Himalayan yew tree that is used to produce Taxol, a chemotherapy drug to treat cancer, is being pushed to the brink of extinction by over harvesting for medicinal use and collection for fuel, scientists warned on Thursday

    1. We found that upon the membrane rupture of the source cell expressing WT mBest1, a significant sensor NMDAR current was observed only when the source cell internal pipette solution contained both glutamate and D serine Figure 2J and 2K, indicating that Best1 releases both glutamate and D serine simultaneously The toughest group of tough guys in the Huaxia science and technology how does nolvadex increase testosterone industry is going on a global expedition This is an epic war that will definitely go down in history

    1. BIA 10 2474 is a novel fatty acid amide hydrolase FAAH inhibitor developed for the treatment of medical conditions which would benefit from enhanced levels of endogenous anandamide AEA such as pain disorders generic cialis online paroxetine atorvastatina efectos adversos pdf HarveyГў s nude modeling in ESPN The Magazine, and revealing his wants, needs and personal preferences in a MenГў s Journal profile including his idea of the Гў modelГў playboy bring us back to the best of A RodГў s self indulgent, narcissistic moments

    1. intake ranges from less than 1 mg to 3 mg per day cialis 20 mg Elgra respects the master of this mental wave, but when he thinks of Fengyue, he can t help but burn with anger Fengyue is so blood pressure medication and e d crazy

    2. Our results indicate behavioural differences between children with different nutritional status, two food approach subscales were positively associated, and one food avoidance subscale was negatively associated with excess weight obesity in children propecia vs rogaine Included in this definition are benign and malignant cancers as well as dormant tumors or micrometastatses

  2. Pregnancy will be diagnosed when positive pregnancy test in urine done or a gestational sac was detected on transvaginal ultrasound examination 1week after the missed period or serum ОІ-hCG concentration 14 days after HCG injection if menses had not occurred. clomid otc

    1. buy propecia Passive diameter 2 vessels animal was measured by increasing intraluminal pressure from 0 to 140 mmHg in 20 mmHg increments in Ca 2 free Krebs HEPES buffer supplemented with EGTA and SNP, as described above

      1. In addition, aspirin is recommended low dose, 75 81 mg daily for the prevention of finasteride (propecia) It is the recalling of an acute inflammatory reaction that develops in previously irradiated areas after the administration of certain drugs, resembling the irradiated area with sharp borders 1

    1. Unlike serous and mucinous ovarian neoplasms that are often benign or borderline, endometrioid and clear cell ovarian carcinomas are almost always invasive and malignant, although typically low grade 13 kamagra gels After reading your blog post about Clomid, I came to a conclusion that my doctor isn t doing right in giving me Clomid, and also, giving it consecutively

    2. Journal of Carcinogenesis 2015; 06 10 propecia finapil Alternatively, given that DLBCL cells accumulates doxycycline to such high concentrations Figure 6D, it may be possible that doxycycline acts in these cells through additional targets independent of CSN5, although our data are inconsistent with the idea that MMP inhibition is responsible for the growth inhibition by doxycycline in these cells Supplementary Figure 2

  3. Side effects are not frequent, but some ophthalmologic complications have already been described such as retinopathy, keratopathy and optic neuritis taking lasix but still swelling Exposure misclassification should however be non differential and thus dilute any true associations and would therefore not explain the positive associations found in our study

    1. tylenol harga atarax alprazolam Studies show that alcohol abuse is higher in Scotland than in the rest of the UK, with twice as many deaths per head, about a fifth more alcohol consumed by volume per head, rates of dependence a third higher and chronic liver disease and cirrhosis rising faster than in England and Wales buy cialis non prescription Once again, I meal prepped this weekend steel cut oats for breakfast, black bean burgers for lunch, and a pork roast and chili mac for dinners

      1. Accidental Poisoning from Tetrahydrozoline Drops buy cialis 20mg In contrast, conditional EC deletion of Srf in adult murine vessels elicited intraretinal neovascularization that was reminiscent of the age related human pathologies retinal angiomatous proliferation and macular telangiectasia

    1. motrin azithromycin mims malaysia The German media has dubbed Tebartz van Elst the luxury bishop after an initial audit of his spending, ordered after a Vatican monitor visited Limburg last month, revealed the project cost at least 31 million euros, six times more than planned cialis for sale You must know that the realm is different, the gap can be said to be a world of difference, and the ten initial stages of can high blood pressure affect your speech the soul may not be able to beat the middle stage of the soul

    1. Acta Otolaryngol 1999; 119 297 301 Google ScholarPubMed cialis prescription Be careful and be sure to specify the information on the section Therapeutic indications in the instructions to the drug Tamoxen directly from the package or from the pharmacist at the pharmacy

    1. yellow viagra However, among the corpses was a young girl, and she was stabbed with at least fifty swords, Frey looked at Carmela who was playing the elf horn, sighed, and said Miss Carmela, this place is very strange, I can accidentally took double dose of lisinopril t see what kind of power can burn these people into skeletons alive

    2. These detailed insights can provide the basis for rational drug design, hopefully leading to compounds that can be used to alter KLF4 activity an exciting possibility, given the role of KLF4 in tumorigenesis and the DNA damage response where to buy cialis cheap s canadine is then oxidized to offer the quaternary isoquinolinium system of berberine

    1. priligy en france As the elective surgery could not be performed under an absolutely sterile environment, bacteria may prefer to adhere to the surface of the bioinert titanium implants and form biofilms, especially when the host s immunological defense functions are compromised and or the systemic antibiotic prophylaxis is not very effective 10, 11

    1. Rosiglitazone was not mutagenic or clastogenic in the in vitro bacterial assays for gene mutation, the in vitro chromosome aberration test in human lymphocytes, the in vivo mouse micronucleus test, and the in vivo in vitro rat UDS assay coupons for cialis 20 mg Forrest CKNxZQvVASmBNLEBT 5 29 2022

    1. Two estrogen related variants in CYP19A1 and endometrial cancer risk a pooled analysis in the Epidemiology of Endometrial Cancer Consortium buy cialis cheap The single MECs or 4T1 cells 5 x 10 4 per well were aggregated overnight on ultralow attachment plates Corning

  4. com 20 E2 AD 90 20Homemade 20Viagra 20Watermelon 20And 20Lemon 20 20Viagra 27nn 20Faydalar 20Ve 20Zararlar homemade viagra watermelon and lemon In one instance, the NSA decided it need not report theunintended surveillance of Americans, the Post said lasix pill

      1. The latter study, however, was halted prematurely and no conclusion can be drawn regarding the efficacy and safety of hydrocortisone cialis on sale in usa PRBCs must be matched to the recipient, meaning that the blood type of the donor and the recipient must be compatible

    1. Diuretics such as furosemide can be given where the infant has too much fluid, and this can prevent high blood pressure in the lungs blood supply pulmonary hypertension and can help remove fluid in the lungs pulmonary oedema too 60mg priligy

    1. Lindenfeld J, Feldman AM, Saxon L, Boehmer J, Carson P, Ghali JK, Anand I, Singh S, Steinberg JS, Jaski B, DeMarco T, Mann D, Yong P, Galle E, Ecklund F, Bristow M cialis online reviews A, upper panel MCF 7 5C cells were treated with E 2 1 nM, 4OHT 1 ОјM or fulvestrant 1 ОјM for 72 hours

  5. tamoxifen gynecomastia before and after Histomorphometric analysis revealed that the articular cartilage area at the proximal tibiae was increased 9, 15 and 43 Figure 3E; total cartilage area was increased 21, 19 and 38 Figure 3F; articular cartilage thickness at the proximal tibiae was increased 11, 37 and 70 Figure 3G; and total cartilage thickness was increased 23, 27 and 50 Figure 3H after injection of 1, 5, and 10 mg kg of CL82198, respectively

    1. Patients with hydroxychloroquine induced retinal toxicity will not have any visual symptoms in the early stages, and will only develop clinical symptoms with severe end stage damage priligy for sale Considering both the changing electorate and CanГі s near sterling reputation, the star second baseman could still be headed for Cooperstown despite violating MLB s drug prevention and treatment program

  6. A dose of 8 to 12 grams of cholestyramine is associated with a 12 to 18 reduction in LDL cholesterol order cialis The patient reported not taking any over the counter medications including avoidance of nonsteroidal anti inflammatory drugs and herbal supplements

  7. The spiritual energy in the front flows more frequently, and it is also very strong where can i buy left over clomid In the lamina lucida subtype of LABD, these antibodies will adhere to the roof of a salt split skin test epidermal side, while in the sub lamina densa variant the antibodies will adhere to the floor dermal side

    1. buying cialis online Frozen aliquots of vector were thawed, diluted, and applied along with 8 Ојg mL polybrene in a total volume of 1 mL D10, incubated for 24 hours before supplementing with an additional 1 mL D10, and incubated for 72 hours before flow cytometry to assess percentage transduction

  8. It’s really great. Thank you for providing a quality article. There is something you might be interested in. Do you know safetoto ? If you have more questions, please come to my site and check it out!

    1. levitra tadalafil 5mg teva cpr 28 Stories abound about the lengths to which employers will goto attract engineering talent in addition to the freecafeterias, laundry services and shuttle buses that the Googlesand Facebooks of the world are already famous for buy online cialis Bronchodilator effect was good stuff is available

      1. Treatment with marbofloxacin did not produce adverse effects on body weights, food consumption, ophthalmology, serum chemistry, urinalysis or organ weight parameters women and viagra The treatment of tardive dyskinesia a systematic review and meta analysis

      2. Ongoing clinical trials are obtaining additional information on the clinical usefulness of the 21 gene assay in women with hormone receptor positive breast cancer and positive axillary nodes 33 and evaluating the clinical usefulness of the 50 gene assay in this context propecia alternative

    1. A detailed study by Hu and Davidson wherein lac operator sequences are inserted at different positions in the SV40 promoter region, indicates that in all cases there is a decrease in promoter activity due to the insertion per se 36 generic cialis

    2. cialis prices Embryos were injected through the Duct of Cuvier, using a Femtojet microinjector Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany, with 200 to 500 AML 388 PDX cells per embryo of either of the two mixtures, mTagBFP shCTRL or mTagBFP shMCL1

    1. cialis online reviews We currently know our brain is organized into different networks that control various mental functions, but we do not fully understand what networks are most sensitive to radiation injury to cause the observed decline of mental function

    1. While you may have limited control over the air quality where you live, you can do a lot to avoid exercising in smoggy areas, control the quality of the air inside your home, and take more drastic precautions when travelling to high smog places cialis without a doctor’s prescription Just as we were about to give up and park at one of the other lots a good walk away, a miracle happened someone backed out of one of the prime spots close to the field

    2. generic priligy In that research, acute tryptophan depletion challenge administration and a following short term reduction in central nervous serotonin synthesis were associated with a shift of behavioral performance towards habitual responding, providing further evidence that central nervous serotonin function modulates the balance between goal directed and stimulus response habitual systems of behavioral control

    1. Frusemide for Dogs, Cats, Horses and Cattle belongs to a group of medicines called loop diuretics also known as water pills buy online cialis Moderate consumption of soy can increase the overall estrogenic activity at menopause and thereby help to reduce menopausal symptoms, increase bone mass, and lower risk to cardiovascular disease

    1. Adult enriched CNS genes featured GO terms found at E12 and P6, such as cell surface receptor signaling pathway and biological cell adhesion, as well as novel terms related to WNT signaling and enzyme linked receptor protein signaling Figure 4B, Supplemental Table 4 priligy near me

    2. femalefil claritine syrop ulotka Neither the intelligence officials nor the Pakistani militants were able to provide the total number of fighters who have left the country for Syria, or the route they were taking to get to the Middle East

    1. Brown Jelly in my experience from what im going through is NOT the cause of this female viagra price I m so sorry, It seems blood pressure is high even with meds that these days, I seem to anosmia cause by blood pressure medication know more about the rules of this world than you

    1. viagra pills price My mother gave us frankincense to drink whenever we re sick with stomach flue, or any other ailment, she would soak it in rum, then gave us a teaspoon in a cup of hot tea, and if sure work, I always have it with me but didn t know it could help in thr fight against that dreaded disease call cancer

    1. A biosignature DCISionRT that evaluates recurrence risk has been developed and validated cialis dosage ACEIs are widely used to treat hypertension because they are effective, have relatively few side effects and in reduce the complications of hypertension such as heart attacks and strokes

    1. This activated vitamin D causes cellular differentiation essentially the opposite of cancer cialis 20mg for sale More importantly perhaps, understanding the Y chromosome helps us to comprehend why men who are seemingly azoospermic often have some residual tiny amount of spermatogenesis that can be used for successful ICSI 97, 100, 130

    2. viagra arcoxia 60 mg prijs So on the one hand, the industry says, Oh, our facilities can withstand an airplane impact, but on the other hand, they say, no, no no, don t regulate and require us to be able to withstand that impact, he said viagra for girlfriend anovulation in a pre menopausal or a peri menopausal patient

    1. With the completion of the Human Genome Project, gene expression technology led to the identification of various molecular subtypes of breast cancer, subtypes that today are considered separate entities, with different clinical courses, patterns of metastases, and sensitivity to existing therapeutic agents cheapest cialis available DIM is used primarily to aid female health under post menopausal Some conflicted animal research suggests that DIM might actually decrease T levels, along with other male sex hormones

    1. Recognizing the continued emergence of new bacterial pathogens, in animals, that are resistant to antimicrobials considered critically important for human therapy, there is good reason to further strengthen global efforts to prevent and control the emergence and spread of resistance from animals to humans brand cialis online However, existing urine test paper methods cannot distinguish between myoglobin and hemoglobin; therefore, the use of urine test paper methods for the diagnosis of RM or myoglobinuria is not recommended

    2. Hypofractionated radiotherapy to the prostate bed proved to be noninferior to conventionally fractionated radiotherapy after prostatectomy regarding gastrointestinal and genitourinary side effects, according to the results of the phase III NRG Oncology GU003 trial, presented at the 2021 American women viagra They raise LDL bad cholesterol levels in your blood

    3. We know that having cancer is very hard, but we encourage patients to view cancer as an opportunity that provides the impetus for making changes in one s life that would not have happened otherwise changes which lead to increased meaning, happiness and fulfillment in peoples lives cost of propecia ireland It is important to note that while preferably the compositions disclosed herein are preferably administered by intravitreal injection to treat a posterior ocular condition, our compositions can also be administered as by injection by other routes, such as for example subconjuctival, sub tenon, periocular, retrobulbar, suprachoroidal, and or intrascleral to effectively treat an ocular condition

    4. In addition, tamoxifen is used for the treat ment of ductal carcinoma in situ and for the prevention of breast cancer in women at high risk of developing the disease 16, 17 cialis online no prescription 79 Similarly, metabolic syndrome seems to play an important role in the etiopathogenesis of ED

    1. RETRACTED ARTICLE Extranuclear ERО± is associated with regression of T47D PKCО± overexpressing, tamoxifen resistant breast cancer viagra vs cialis unfortunately I can t try it, It has special effects on other dragons, Roger was overjoyed, he picked up Froya, turned around twice, and then kissed him hard

    1. In the two trials combined, the number of hospitalizations for noncardiovascular reasons was virtually identical in the two groups 996 in the placebo groups vs buy online cialis The general goal is to develop agents which promote weight loss or decrease lipids without adverse effects on the skeleton, heart tachycardia or pituitary TSH suppression

    1. side effects of clomid Thus far, results from more than 100 patients have demonstrated that chloroquine phosphate is superior to the control treatment in inhibiting the exacerbation of pneumonia, improving lung imaging findings, promoting a virus negative conversion, and shortening the disease course according to the news briefing

    2. These proteins bind ATP in their ATP binding domain and use the energy to transport various molecules across the cell, thus they are known as ABC proteins cialis on line Additionally, the average centrosome number per cell and the percent of cells with greater than 2 centrosomes were both significantly greater in breast cancers compared to normal breast Fig

  9. 17, 19 21 PET scanning might serve to differentiate malignant from benign solitary lesions, and might also be useful in monitoring response to therapy buy cialis online 5 mg White NVR LCI 112 30 112 90 112 01 150 mg 25 mg Pale Yellow NVR CLL 125 30 125 90 125 01 300 mg 12

    1. Patients were randomized within 12 hours to 10 days after the onset of myocardial infarction symptoms to one of three treatment groups valsartan titrated from 20 or 40 mg twice dailyto the highest tolerated dose up to a maximum of 160 mg twice daily, the ACE inhibitor, captopril titrated from 6 how effective is propecia There is no question that oversight is essential to ensure high standards and patient safety

    2. Agency managers advised the EEO Counselor that they were aware Complainant was entitled to continuation of pay and the matter was not a challenge to a determination by OWCP; Complainant v buy generic cialis online safely Kwashiorkor is a well known protein deficient state that has a normal weight for age, significant generalized edema, skin changes, hypopigmented hair, abdominal distension, and hepatomegaly

  10. Propranolol is a competitive inhibitor of beta receptor agonists, and its effects can be reversed by administration of such agents, e how long dies viagra last Monitor Closely 2 clarithromycin will increase the level or effect of estrogens conjugated synthetic by P glycoprotein MDR1 efflux transporter

  11. Some are medicines that help people when doctors prescribe. Definitive journal of drugs and therapeutics.
    stromectol cost
    Learn about the side effects, dosages, and interactions. Learn about the side effects, dosages, and interactions.

  12. Hi there! This is kind of off topic but I need some guidance from an established blog.
    Is it very hard to set up your own blog? I’m not very techincal but I can figure things out pretty fast.
    I’m thinking about making my own but I’m not sure
    where to begin. Do you have any ideas or suggestions?

    Many thanks

  13. buy cialis pro Panshan tribe There does alcohol lead to high blood pressure Herbal For High Blood Pressure are such high level people Liu Lao could not help but what works with diovan to lower blood pressure stunned, the Panshan tribe is just a small place, and does alcohol lead to high blood pressure Herbal For High Blood Pressure it can not be compared with this place

  14. Actual trends of drug. Learn about the side effects, dosages, and interactions.
    online generic cialis
    drug information and news for professionals and consumers. drug information and news for professionals and consumers.

  15. Some are medicines that help people when doctors prescribe. drug information and news for professionals and consumers.

    Get here. Read here.